Graves, S. (2010). Are We Neglecting African American Males: Parental Involvement Differences Between African American Males and Females During Elementary School?. Journal of African American Studies, 14(2), 263-276.
The purpose of this study is to ascertain if there are differences in levels of involvement between parents of African American males and females at school entry. In addition, measures of parental involvement will be examined to determine how they relate to academic achievement in 3rd grade. Data for this project was derived from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study–Kindergarten–Third grade (ECLS-K) longitudinal file. Through the use of logistic and multiple regression techniques, results from this study suggest that gender differences in parental involvement are present in elementary school. Implications will be discussed in terms of increasing African American achievement and future research.
Full article can be found here: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41819250