Hines, E. M., & Holcomb-Mccoy, C. (2013). Parental Characteristics, Ecological Factors, and the Academic Achievement of African American Males. Journal of Counseling & Development, 91(1), 68-77.
Parental characteristics, ecological factors, and the academic achievement of African American male high school students were examined. One hundred fifty-three 11th and 12th grade African American males completed the Parenting Style Index (Steinberg, Lamborn, Darling, Mounts, & Dornbusch, 1994) and a demographic questionnaire. Results indicated no significant relationship between parenting styles and enrollment in honors courses. However, the results indicated that father’s education level and two-parent family structures are positive predictors of grade point average (GPA), and fathers expectations is a negative predictor of GPA. Implications for counselor practice and research are delineated.
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