Nebbitt, V. (2009). Self-Efficacy in African American Adolescent Males Living in Urban Public Housing. Journal of Black Psychology, 35(3), 295-316.
African American adolescent males are one of our nation’s most vulnerable populations. They lag behind their female counterparts in education, labor market participation, and career development. Several studies have found self-efficacy (e.g., an individual’s beliefs in their capabilities to produce a desired result) improves the life chances for this vulnerable population of youth. Using a sample of 213 African American adolescent males from urban public housing living in two large cities, this article assesses the role of individual, social, and community correlates in promoting or inhibiting self-efficacy in African American adolescent males. Univariate, bivariate, and sequential regression analyses were employed. The sample reported a mean age of 15.5 ( SD = 2.5) years. Self-efficacy was positively correlated to attitudes toward deviance, maternal support, maternal supervision, paternal support, and social cohesion. The regression model explained 32% of the variance in self-efficacy. Parents’ behavior explained most of the variants in self-efficacy. It should be noted, however, that increases in community cohesion was associated with the largest increase in self-efficacy. Implications for practice are discussed.
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