Madison-Colmore, O., & Moore, J. L. (2002). Using the HIS model in counseling African-American men. The Journal of Men’s Studies, 10(2), 197-208.
The H.I.S. (History, Identity, and Spirituality) model is a three-step approach to working with African-American men. Information from both the Biopsychosocial and the Affirmation models forms the basis of the H.I.S. model. However, this conceptual framework takes on a more holistic approach, incorporating universal concepts that are essential to effective counseling. Although the model has not been empirically tested, the implications are believed to be helpful for practicing counselors.
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