Hawkins, B. (1999). Black student athletes at predominantly white national collegiate athletic association (NCAA) division I institutions and the pattern of oscillating migrant laborers. Western Journal of Black Studies, 23(1), 1.
This study looks at the similarities that exist between Black student athletes and oscillating migrant laborers. The similarities they share are: both groups rotate between communities and work locations (campuses); both have different social and cultural settings: both are exploited economically: and both communities bear the cost for the reproduction of labor.
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