Land, A., Mixon, J. R., Butcher, J., & Harris, S. (2014). Stories of six successful african american males high school students: A qualitative study. NASSP Bulletin,98(2), 142-162.
This qualitative, narrative study explored experiences of six successful African American male high school students. Findings suggested that barriers prior to high school were negative elements in the home and community. To be successful in high school, they overcame barriers of absent fathers, disruptive homes, negative community, and peers, and an inadequate school system. They found support in spirituality, a desire to make mother proud, and from school personnel. Personal characteristics contributing to their success included self-esteem, spiritual maturity, and inner motivation to succeed.
Access to full article can be found here: https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ1025531