Bates, T. (1995). Rising skill levels and declining labor force status among african american males. The Journal of Negro Education, 64(3), 373.
Steadily rising levels of educational attainment typify young African Americans in recent decades. Data is presented and analyzed showing that downwardly mobile white workers are increasingly displacing blue-collar black workers in ways reminiscent of the Great Depression, and that those blacks who remain employed in blue-collar fields often face reduced compensation and job security.
Full article can be found here: