PARRY, O. (1997). ‘schooling is fooling’: Why do jamaican boys underachieve in school?Gender and Education, 9(2), 223-231. The “female as villain” explanation of the educational underachievement of Jamaican boys is examined, based on classroom observation of 14-year-old pupils & interviews of 62 school staff. Two popular explanations in this vein… Continue Reading ‘Schooling is Fooling’: Why do Jamaican boys underachieve in school?